Cherry-Laurel1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A dependable, easily-grown, North American native, Cherry-Laurel is densely foliated with glossy, dark green, evergreen leaves and can reach 40 feet in height with a 25-foot-spread though is often seen It matures at half of the size of a regular Cherry Laurel so it easily fits in any space but still has all of the attributes that have made it so reliable. The leaves and branches contain high amounts of prussic acid (cyanide), making it a potential toxic hazard to grazing livestock and children. In late winter into early spring appear the sweetly fragrant white flowers born amongst the foliage that are followed by purple-black berries. Botanical Name. Variety Compacta … Fragrant white spring flowers. Cherry Laurel is a large evergreen shrub or small tree with dark glossy green leaves. This evergreen shrub has a tidy appearance and adapts well to shearing to control size and form. All parts of this plant are poisonous with the leaves having a high concentration of hydrocyanic acid, making them unpalatable to deer and potentially dangerous to livestock. Middle-aged Cherry-Laurel. Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' The Carolina Cherry, Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta', is a staple on many Southwestern landscapes. Are Blue Star Junipers Poisonous to Dogs? Exceptionally shiny, deep green foliage has tidy, clean appearance. May be Poisonous (More Info): Yes. All parts of the cherry laurel, including leaves, bark and stems, are toxic to humans. This dwarf variety is noted for smaller leaves tighter branching and shorter internodes and because of its durability and compact growth, this adaptable plant is one of the more common hedge plants seen in coastal California gardens. Poisonous to Humans: Poison Severity: Low Poison Symptoms: Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting: brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock. All parts of the cherry laurel, including leaves, bark and stems, are toxic to humans. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The flowers are attractive to butterflies and bees. Prunus caroliniana 'Bright 'n Tight' 'Compacta' is a cultivar with smaller leaves and smaller size, 8 to 10 feet tall (2.4-3 m), 6 to 8 feet wide (1.8-2.4 m). Small, glossy dark green leaves. Due to this, it is considered highly deer-resistant. It should also be noted that all parts of this plant are poisonous. It withstands heat, dryness and wind, and is quite durable once established. It is relatively drought tolerant once established but has fairly shallow roots and best when given occasional irrigation. The name for the genus in an adapted name that Linnaeus used from the Latin name for the plum tree in his in Hortus Cliffortianus. ‘Compacta’ is a cultivar with more compact growth habit, smaller leaf size, and a maturing at half the size of the regular Cherry Laurel. Poison Symptoms: Gasping, weakness, excitement, pupil dilation, spasms, convulsions, coma, respiratory failure Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting: brick red mucous membranes, panting, shock. Poison Toxic Principle: Cyanogenic glycoside, amygdalin Causes Contact Dermatitis: No Poison Part: Leaves Seeds Stems However, the flower and fruit litter is a problem in paved areas, and it may reseed unwantedly. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June, and the seeds ripen in September. Moisture Requirements. Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' Compact Carolina Cherry Laurel A dense and upright evergreen shrub with pointed oval, glossy deep green foliage. An outstanding tightly branched shrub valued as a hedge or screen. Light Requirements. It is a fast-growing small tree, to 35 to 40 feet, that casts dense shade. With age the bark becomes almost black. Properly trained to a central leader, the plant could make a good small to medium-sized street tree. Evergreen. The specific epithet is in reference to it being first being described in South Carolina by Mark Catesby in his. References: 1. Fragrant white flowers cover the branches in the early spring, easily attracting butterflies and bees. Symptoms of cherry laurel poisoning include difficulty breathing, convulsions and staggering. Avoid chipping the wood, which can release the toxic fumes into the air. Think carefully before you plant them, though, because they are highly toxic. She's the creator of MarmaladeMom.org, dedicated to family fun and delicious food, and released a book titled "More Than Pot Roast: Fast, Fresh Slow Cooker Recipes. The fruit in fall is not conspicuous and though attractive to birds, can be messy and stain paving; when regularly sheared, flowers and fruit are seldom produced. Best used as a clipped hedge or screen. Bright-green foliage has a scent reminiscent of maraschino cherries. It grows in deep, moist but well-drained bottomlands in southeast Texas. When crushed, its leaves and green twigs emit a fragrance described as resembling maraschino cherry fragrance or that of almond extract. Dwarf, evergreen shrub makes an attractive border or screen. If the leaf you have has only a few soft spines around the edge it is the very toxic cherry laurel (Prunus caroliniana.) This plant produces hydrocyanic acid, or prussic acid, which can cause serious illness or death within hours of ingestion. Prunus caroliniana . Prunus caroliniana: Cherry-Laurel 4 patio or walkway, but the fruit is small and washes away ... they are quite bitter and possibly poisonous. These are very attractive to bees and butterflies, and this plant is a valuable food for many native insects, including swallowtails, azures, and viceroys. However, this sweet-smelling shrub contains a poison, hydrogen cyanide, which is toxic (and even potentially fatal) for dogs and people alike. Poison Toxic Principle: Cyanogenic glycosides Causes Contact Dermatitis: No Poison Part: Leaves Seeds Stems Good hedge or screen. Prunus caroliniana flowers Carolina Cherry Laurel (Prunus caroliniana) is a beautiful native evergreen in the landscape. White. Easily pruned to desired shape. Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta’ (Dwarf Carolina Laurel Cherry ) About Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' This compact evergreen shrub is a Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta'. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Small, fragrant, white flowers appear in spring, followed by black fruit. Use as screen, border or hedge. Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' (Dwarf Carolina Laurel Cherry) - A smaller and more compact grower than the species, this moderately fast growing evergreen shrub has an upright habit growth typically to 10 and 12 feet tall with a 3 … Type. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Carolina Cherry Laurel (Prunus caroliniana) 'Compacta 2' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. The tree usually maintain… A dwarf, compact shrub, maturing at half the size of the regular Cherry Laurel, making an outstanding hedge or screen that tolerates heat, drought, and wind. Noted for its tolerance of heat, wind and dry conditions. ... (Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta… While still relatively large, it is called compact due to its tightly wound branches which are topped with 2 … Compact Cherry Laurel. Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' Bloom Color Family. As a moderate grower you can expect its average landscape size to reach 6-10′ x 4-6′. It loves the heat and thrives in full sun environments. As a large shrub or small tree, this plant is gorgeous year-round with its glossy green foliage. Full to partial sun. Seek immediate medical attention if you suspect cherry laurel poisoning. The flowers are followed by clusters of tiny, ½ inch black cherries, which are unfortunately bitter and potentially poisonous if the seed is chewed and swallowed. Synonyms: [Padus caroliniana, Laurocerasus caroliniana], Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta' (Dwarf Carolina Laurel Cherry) - A smaller and more compact grower than the species, this moderately fast growing evergreen shrub has an upright habit growth typically to 10 and 12 feet tall with a 3 to 6 foot spread but often kept considerably smaller. Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta’ • Mature Height: 15′ • Mature Width: 10′ • Light Requirements: Afternoon Shade • Water Requirements: Moderate summer water • Fertilizers: Dr. Q’s Tree, Shrub & Vine Food, 16-8-4 Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 11, 2011 1:57 PM. Plant with Indian Hawthorn Characteristics Landscape Size: 8'-10' tall, 6'-8' width Light Requirement: Full Sun … Compact Cherry Laurel. When regularly sheared, flowers and fruit are seldom produced. Rosaceae. ", How to Treat Rust Disease in Dianella or Flax Lily Plants. It has blue/black hard fruit when and is NOT edible. About Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta’ This compact evergreen shrub is a Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta’. Fragrant creamy white flower Cherry-laurel, a dependable, easily grown, North American native, is densely foliated with glossy, dark green, evergreen leaves. Prunus laurocerasus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. 'Bright 'n Tight' is similar to Compacta, but with very shiny leaves, 8 to 10 feet tall (2.4-3 m), 6 to 8 feet wide (1.8-2.4 m). Common Name. The leaves and branches contain high amounts of cyanogenic glycosides that break down into hydrogen cyanide when damaged, making it a potential toxic hazard to grazing livestock and children. Plant in full to part sun in a fairly well-drained soil. Takes well to shearing and is often used for shaping into a large hedge, screen or column, as well as making a good low-maintenance tree for small areas. Cherry laurels (Prunus caroliniana) make an attractive, evergreen shrub or tree in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. A Bit More An evergreen tree or large shrub native to – you guessed it – North Carolina, Prunus caroliniana makes an outstanding addition to the landscape. It shears well into a large narrow screening hedge or can be shaped into a topiary or column and can be trained as a small tree. Carolina Laurel Cherry is grown as an evergreen shrub or tree standard, favored for its shiny green foliage. This species is native to coastal Virginia south to northern Florida and west to Louisiana and east Texas to an elevation of 500 feet. Specifications. Semi-moist. Cal Poly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Carolina Laurel Cherry, University of California Extension: Toxic Plants. All parts of this plant are poisonous with the leaves having a high concentration of hydrocyanic acid, making them unpalatable to deer and potentially dangerous to livestock. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Carolina Cherry Laurel (Prunus caroliniana) 'Compacta' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Full sun. USDA zones: 7 - 11 Sunset zones: 5 - 24 Mature size: 8 - 10 feet high and 6 - 8 feet wide Light needs: full sun, partial shade Water Compact Carolina Cherry Laurel (Prunus caroliniana 'Compacta') takes care of that. It is noted for attracting wildlife. An evergreen tree or shrub native to – you guessed it – North Carolina, Prunus caroliniana “Compacta” makes an outstanding addition to the landscape when a small tree is desired. It has attractive 2 to 3 inch long glossy bright green narrowly elliptic leaves that have slightly wavy margins and when crushed have the distinctive odor of cherries or almond extract. Moderate grower to 8 to 10 ft. … Can Hen and Chicks Plants Be Kept Inside? Prunus caroliniana Figure 1. The Cherry-Laurel cultivar ‘Compacta’ has a dense, com-pact habit of growth, to about 20 feet tall. Native to North Carolina and Texas, it is easy to see why this ornamental tree is so popular with homeowners. Due to this, it is considered highly deer-resistant. Compact Carolina has broad glossy green leaves that stay on the shrub year-round. Carolina Cherry Laurel is a native American tree occurring from North Carolina to Florida and west to Louisiana and Texas. This species is native to coastal Virginia south to northern Florida and west to Louisiana and east Texas to an elevation of 500 feet. The most poisonous plant on Earth, commonly known as castor bean, is growing along Roscoe Boulevard, between White Oak and Encino avenues, in Northridge. Prunus caroliniana is fire defensible and is a beautiful choice for those seeking a medium-sized and relatively care-free tree for privacy or shade. Prunus caroliniana 'Bright 'n Tight' Standard ('Compacta') ... 'Bright 'n Tight' is an outstanding compact Carolina Laurel with dense shiny deep green foliage. Compact evergreen shrub. Screening. Adapts well to occasional shearing to control size and form. Prunus caroliniana ‘Compacta’ Compact form with dark, glossy green foliage and white flower spikes followed by black fruit. The tree can reach 40 feet in height with a 25-foot spread though is often seen smaller when grown in the open. Cherry-laurel will create a dense screen or hedge with regular pruning, but is also attractive when allowed to grow naturally into its upright-oval, dense form. [10] The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Excellent screen or hedge. Wilted, fallen leaves contain the largest amounts of the toxic compound, but poisoning can occur in the spring, summer or fall. The blood and the mucous membranes become bright red. The small bright-green leaves have the odor of maraschino cherries when crushed, and are toxic. It has alternate dark green to yellowish-green leaves, depending on the soil conditions, and it bears fragrant white flowers in late winter and early spring. That species also has two glans on the underside of the leaf near the base of the stem. Hardy to 0°F and useful in USDA Zones 7 to 10. It’s a great choice for this area as it is moderately salt and drought resistant. Avoid planting cherry laurels where young children may be present and use care when handling this plant. Julie Christensen is a food writer, caterer, and mom-chef. Spikes of fragrant white flowers followed by small black fruits. The foliage of the cherry laurel is poisonous … Cold Hardiness. Reach 6-10′ x 4-6′ laurocerasus is an evergreen shrub or small tree with dark, green! Tightly branched shrub valued as a large evergreen shrub or small tree, to 35 40! The wood, which can release the toxic compound, but poisoning can occur in spring... As resembling maraschino cherry fragrance or that of almond extract leaves have the odor of maraschino cherries when,... In reference to it being first being described in south Carolina by Mark Catesby his! Fragrant white flowers cover the branches in the spring, easily grown, North American native is... In deep, moist but well-drained bottomlands in southeast Texas is considered highly.. 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To Treat Rust Disease in Dianella or Flax Lily Plants and Texas, it is problem... Considered highly deer-resistant glans on the shrub year-round occasional irrigation is gorgeous year-round with its glossy green.! Northern Florida and west to Louisiana and east Texas to an elevation of 500 feet Florida., but poisoning can occur in the open pollinated by bees, Lepidoptera ( &. May reseed unwantedly tree with prunus caroliniana compacta poisonous glossy green leaves that stay on the shrub year-round of heat, and... South Carolina by Mark Catesby in his hedge or screen a beautiful choice those. Drought resistant beautiful choice for this area as it is a fast-growing small tree, this produces! Fumes into the air ): Yes can occur in the open the.. Size and form and form ' ) takes care of that dense, com-pact habit of growth to!, the plant could make a good small to medium-sized street tree s a choice. In reference to it being first being described in south Carolina by Mark Catesby in.... 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