Frankly, Switzerland should be flying Gripen C/D or possibly E/F given their national budget, neutrality and mission requirements and I’d wager anyone who looks at it from an operational requirements point of view would come to a similar conclusion. Your email address will not be published. Typhoon comes with one or two TRDs mounted in a wingtip pod as standard, with specific version dependent on operator choices. In terms of the design philosophy effects on the final aircraft, the Rafale has a greater emphasis on load carrying and exceptional handling even at very low speeds whilst the Typhoon as a design is more focused on maximum performance at altitude, and agility at transonic and supersonic speeds. What is the best Rafale variant today and why?That’s tricky to say. CAPTOR-M (has the advantage) against larger targets such as bombers or MiG-31 ‘Foxhound’s due to a much larger aperture and generally higher altitude perch during air-to-air engagements. For Rafale, Meteor is regularly carried by the F3R standard aircraft on live operational sorties by both the Armee de l’Air and Aeronavale. Which is doing better on the export market and why? This site needs a small donation from you to continue. The biggest source of differences comes from the French requirement that the basic airframe design be suitable for CATOBAR carrier operations, which carries particular requirements in terms of relatively high-alpha, low speed handling especially with external stores still attached. Engaging Top (and bottom) 10s including: Greatest fighter aircraft of World War II, Worst British aircraft, Worst Soviet aircraft and many more insanely specific ones. This means that the point of lift is further in front than the centre of mass. The Fifth Republic is zealous about its former colonies and tries not to let them out of its influence. – In Range, the Eurofighter’s LPD takes up a wet point In practice it would depend on pilot experience and skill to fly their aircraft at best corner speed and manage their energy and position to best effect. How India could tweak China in the South China Sea? In practice, both types depend to a large degree on tanker support for most operational missions. ( Log Out / But the core question is how convergent these […] MICA has slightly superior range to ASRAAM and significantly superior range to IRIS-T. All are highly agile and lethal missiles in a WVR engagement, with IRIS-T boasting the greatest knife fight agility, ASRAAM the best performance off the rail, and MICA the best reach. In the same ATLC exercise, two sessions of air-to-air combat opposed the Typhoon to the Rafale in a 4 v 4 configuration (British RAF vs French Armée de l’Air). Typhoon (Tranche 2 and 3)’s main strike armament of Paveway IV, Brimstone and Storm Shadow give it world-leading high-precision, low-collateral damage tools for most ground targets. The central display protruding out towards the pilot in the Rafale would be a matter of personal taste over the more traditional Typhoon display layout, with an easier view of the main radar/situational awareness display coming at the cost of slightly reduced cockpit working area in a cockpit already slightly more snug than Typhoon’s. For export operators, things are much more dependent on fleet size and support contract structures than the differences between each aircraft type. It is said that the Rafale would have an advantage in a dogfight below 10K feet and a Typhoon above, would you agree with this? Rowland White, author of the best-selling ‘Vulcan 607’, I’ve selected the richest juiciest cuts of Hush-Kit, added a huge slab of new unpublished material, and with Unbound, I want to create a beautiful coffee-table book. The Indian standard does feature some impressive additions including additional podded electronic warfare capabilities and TRD, whilst the Qatari standard features the new HMD. As such, both Typhoon and Rafale could make a very valuable contribution to a SEAD/DEAD operation in support of more stealthy penetrating ISTAR/strike assets such as F-35 or advanced UAVs, but if hypothetically forced to fight alone neither is particularly well suited at present – Rafale having a slight edge due to the SPECTRA suite. Both fighters are fairly expensive to operate compared to solutions such as Gripen or F-16 on a one-for-one basis, being large, complex, twin engined beasts. eurofighter typhoon vs rafale; Senza categoria; eurofighter typhoon vs rafale. However, Rafale can also use the RECO-NG wide area/standoff TAC-R pod to provide a modern, fully digital equivalent to RAPTOR. This is all relative, however, as both aircraft perform very similarly in most scenarios compared to other types. … What is the biggest difference in the philosophy of the designs? Depends on altitude and speed. Our interviews with Typhoon pilot here , here and here. After much debate, the Swedish Government decided to create a single multifunctional fighter capable of replacing the country’s interceptor fighters, fighter-bombers and reconnaissance aircraft. The Typhoon has a lower wing load 310 kg/m² vs. 322 kg/m². Low-observabilityBoth Rafale and Typhoon have low observable features but quite frankly neither is a low observable type. However, if talking about a ‘guns’ fight, then Rafale has better agility, instantaneous turn and sustained turn capabilities below around 15,000ft. Two very confusing fighter planes for many people. Thank you very much. “If you have any interest in aviation, you’ll be surprised, entertained and fascinated by Hush-Kit – the world’s best aviation blog”. Additionally, the Typhoon is aeronautically more unstable than the Rafale. How has Typhoon improved since your 2015 assessment?The multirole capabilities of the jet have matured drastically since 2015, especially as a result of the RAF’s Project Centurion programme which integrated Brimstone, full Paveway IV functionality and Storm Shadow, in addition to full Striker HMD exploitation and a number of other multirole enabling capabilities. Rafale vs Gripen vs Eurofighter Typhoon,which one is better . It is packed with a feast of material, ranging from interviews with fighter pilots (including the English Electric Lightning, stealthy F-35B and Mach 3 MiG-25 ‘Foxbat’), to wicked satire, expert historical analysis, top 10s and all manner of things aeronautical, from the site described as: “the thinking-man’s Top Gear… but for planes”. Equally, Typhoon has the edge in the air-superiority role due to its superior high altitude performance and thrust to weight ratio, as well as long-range armament. The German/Spanish Radar 1 order will, however, mean that there are a large number of AESA equipped Typhoons in service by the mid-2020s with all the Quadriga and Tornado replacement Typhoons to feature the capability. Some points to be corrected: Defensive aids SPECTRA has a better reputation primarily because of Libya in 2011 (a result of French political ambition and risk tolerance, alongside technical capability). Existing user? The Typhoon and Rafale are hotter planes than the Gripen. 0 - Advertisement - India recently started procedures to procure the Dassault Rafale as compared to the previous decision to purchase Eurofighter Typhoons, Using this article I shall try to analyse both the units and compare them on the basis of their merits and demerits. Germany has cleared its Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile but since German politicians do not believe that Air Forces should be used to kill people, its capabilities remain untested in combat. You could afford to send 3 or 4 Gripens or 1 Typhoon at similar operational cost. If you’ve enjoyed an article please donate here. As far as I’m aware the Rafale has so far only been cleared for Meteor carriage on the two side-fuselage hardpoints although I could be wrong on that. Based on the physical properties of the two aircraft I’d suspect the Rafale has a higher instantaneous rate, but at the same time the Typhoon should have a superior sustained turn rate irrespective of altitude thanks to signifantly higher thrust and a lower induced drag. Energy management/ ability to regenerate energy. The drawback is extremely high munitions cost. 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I’m fully aware of that. With external pylons, tanks, weapons and pods, both have a sufficient RCS to be detected at long ranges by modern sensors such as the Irbis-E on the Su-35 and Chinese AESAs on J-10C, J-16 or J-20, as well as ground based air defence radars. The solid well-researched information about aeroplanes is brilliantly combined with an irreverent attitude and real insight into the dangerous romantic world of combat aircraft. Fascinating insights into exceptionally obscure warplanes. Indeed, Royal Air Force (RAF) Typhoons recently … US development efforts have emphasised these cooperative engagement capabilities (CEC) far more than French ones over the past two decades, and Typhoon benefits from that weapon heritage. We went back to Justin Bronk and asked him to revisit this analysis to include half a decade’s worth of development and weapons integration which has now placed these two aircraft at the top of their game. The Eurofighter Typhoon is set to race past European rival Dassault's Rafale in new orders if the proposed German contract for 93 aircraft comes through. The Dassault Rafale VS Eurofighter Typhoon. How many Meteor could be carried in a wartime emergency? For reference the German/Spanish ‘Radar 1’ standard will add further capabilities and the UK’s ECRS2 version will be a different beast entirely with advanced ground mapping, GMTI and EW capabilities in addition to traditional AESA functions. Both Typhoon and Rafale lack a commonly carried anti-radiation missile, although modern AAM such as AMRAAM and Meteor can be assumed to have a certain degree of ARM capability in extremis. I will add an estimate in brackets for the Kuwaiti/Qatari standard Typhoon with the ‘Radar 0’ version of the CAPTOR-E AESA which is flying and enters service this year in Kuwait. Air-to-groundRBE2 as a multifunction AESA radar gives far more air-to-ground functionality than CAPTOR-M. (Radar 0 is optimised for air-to-air and is unlikely to challenge RBE2 in this arena). As above, the higher the speed and altitude of an engagement, the better Typhoon performs relative to Rafale and vice versa. I am surprised the Typhoons new Digital Stealth was not mentioned, it seems to be a world leading capability on Typhoon to counter, if not surpass the lack of static stealth in the air-frame. c). Neither aircraft sparkles in the high-alpha regime compared to the Hornet family or anything with thrust vectoring, but the Rafale’s aerodynamically coupled canards give it slightly better high-alpha authority at slow speeds than Typhoon. Finland will be an interesting result to watch, but I’m not sure either aircraft could be considered a favourite. Both can use third party target data to launch Meteor without active radar scanning by the launch aircraft, and both can hand off guidance in flight to other friendly assets. In terms of instantaneous turn rate, Rafale has a slight advantage in air combat configuration and that increases with heavier multirole or strike loads. While the Russian and European machines each have their advantages, the jets are very comparable overall. Both Typhoon and Rafale can launch capable standoff cruise missiles in the shape of the Storm Shadow/SCALP and Taurus KEPD 350. According to all the Rafale pilots I have spoken to, the Rafale’s F3R standard HMI is superb from an operator’s point of view in multirole scenarios, especially in terms of displaying threat information. Comparing the Dassault Rafale Multirole 4th Generation Fighter Aircraft against the Eurofighter Typhoon (EF2000) 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft. I guess it would take a lot of money to upgrade them to the latest version? If the Su-30MKI has a tactical advantage over the Typhoon, the same advantage should extend over the Rafale as well, both of which are more expensive than the Russian origin aircraft. Also Damocles is replaced by TALIOS as part of F3R. Required fields are marked *. ( Log Out / The UK’s new Britecloud active radar ‘chaff’ countermeasures are another area where Typhoon is potentially somewhat in the lead on DAS features. Typhoon’s flight control software starts to progressively restrict the jet with heavier (or particularly asymmetric) loads. How frequently is Meteor actually carried in 2020?Tranche 2 and 3 Typhoons regularly carry Meteor on live operational sorties with European users, although the Tranche 1s do not use the missile which is why the RAF purchased the latest AIM-120D for its remaining Tranche 1s. Meanwhile the new Qatari standard Rafales are being delivered with the type’s first HMD, but the French Air Force still lacks this capability, and the system is still to be matured. PM Modi Addresses India-Japan Conference, Talks about Humanity, India, Japan discuss aggressive Chinese actions, Indian Navy Seeks Third Aircraft Carrier, Calls It A Tactical Necessity For Future Surge Capability, Maj Gen KK Sinha — retired Army officer whose comments are in focus after Republic fined in UK, Amshipora killings: found culpable of killing three labourers in Rajouri, Major to face action. (RBE2 likely to still beat Radar 0 upon IOC due to more mature system and HMI). but Again, the idea with the Gripen; make a competitive fighter, something 'good enough' at affordable cost. One of the most crucial reasons why India selected the Rafale over the Eurofighter Typhoon was that the French were accepting the idea that the Rafale would become a part of India’s nuclear triad. Surely, many will notice that “Gripen” by mass is in a different category and the comparison of these aircraft is not quite correct. Rafale has a superior ECM (electronic attack) capability in the shape of the SPECTRA suite allowing it more options to degrade the performance of hostile SAM radars if it needs to penetrate defended airspace. Sar ji jharkhand ka Bharti ho ga ya nhi humlog ka kya hona b... Armenia , Azerbaijan and Russia sign deal to end Nagorno-Kar... Rafale vs Gripen vs Eurofighter Typhoon : Which One Is Better. Around allies ready to meet a potential common enemy. How important is this in real combat use? The GIAT has the advantage in maximum possible firing rate (of 2500rpm vs 1700rpm) although in practice both would likely fire at comparable rates for both air-to-air or air-to-ground use to make best use of very limited ammunition (125 rounds for Rafale, 150 for Typhoon). Cockpit layout/man-machine interfaceBoth aircraft have similar cockpit layouts in most respects, with three large main multifunction colour displays capable of significant customisation to suit individual pilot preferences in the latest versions. Both the fighters have nearly identical size, power, and performance. France’s AASM ‘Hammer’ series of glide and boosted bomb guidance kits gives Rafale a comparable capability to Paveway IV with a greater amount of warhead and range flexibility. In practice, there is little to choose between them, I pity the enemy shot at by either. A look into art and culture’s love affair with the aeroplane. In terms of load carrying capacity, ECM, subsonic agility, low and medium altitude WVR performance and cost Rafale F3R would also likely still come out ahead of a Tranche 2 or 3 P3E standard Typhoon. After all, Typhoon and Rafale were not built to fight each other, and will not do so. Maintenance/sortie rates/operating costs/cost. Recommended donation £15. The Damocles pod has an advantage over Sniper and Lightning III in that it features an integral datalink capability to transfer reconnaissance and target data directly to other stations such as those found on French Air Force tankers. After the US (F-16 & F-18), Swedish (Gripen) and Russian (MiG35) firms were ejected from the bidding process, the IAF zeroed in on Europeans’ Eurofighter Typhoon and French Dassault’s Rafale. Typhoon with the PIRATE system is significantly ahead of the legacy Rafale IRST. The main modification in service with the exploiting countries is JAS 39C. So it's just Typhoon vs Rafale. However, as a rule Rafale is probably slightly cheaper in real terms to acquire than Typhoon. Namely, the new Future Combat Air System, Rafale and Eurofighter modernization. The RBE2 radar has continued to mature and is now a standout feature of the jet, whilst the French government has committed to a major upgrade of the jet’s internal systems and sensors in the upcoming F4 standard programme. From the table data, the first thing that throws the superiority of “Rafael” in the number of suspension points, the maximum combat load. From the cocaine, blood and flying scarves of World War One dogfighting to the dark arts of modern air combat, here is an enthralling ode to these brutally exciting killing machines. The UK’s much more ambitious (and now funded) ECRS2 promises a massive leap in AESA capability with areas of advantage even over the latest US AESAs, but is so far only likely to be integrated onto the 40 Tranche 3s, with the fate of the 67 Tranche 2s less certain in that regard. The Rafale was also designed from the outset as a nuclear delivery system, which was not a major consideration for the Eurofighter nations. The integration of the Meteor missile for the F3R standard Rafales has plugged a major weakness of the type in my 2015 assessments – the lack of a serious BVR stick. I’m a bit surprised the RECO-NG pod was not mentioned in the Recce-Equipment section. The lower the altitude, the greater Rafale’s margin of advantage; the higher one goes, the better Typhoon performs relatively. the years to come will evolve. The BK27 has slightly better muzzle velocity and ballistic properties whilst the GIAT has slightly better destructive effect due to its larger shell. The lack of a helmet mounted sight for Rafale until the Qatari standard has meant that in practice Typhoon users may be able to get more out of IRIS-T or ASRAAM in a dynamic WVR engagement. Which aircraft would fare better against the Flanker family and other aircraft likely to be flown by near-peer competitors such as the Chinese J-10 family? The latter was deleted from the latest F3R standard aircraft pending an updated capability in the F4 standard jets, leaving a laser rangefinder/EO ball only. Expert analysis of weapons, tactics and technology. And on weight, he’s in the lead. The wartime load-out for Typhoon would by four Meteor in semi-recessed fuselage mounts plus four ASRAAM/IRIS-T although in practice a mix of Meteor and AMRAAM might be chosen for additional tactical flexibility and stockpile management. The AIM-120C7 and AIM-120D variants of AMRAAM used by RAF Typhoons significantly outrange MICA, although they do no boast an IR variant for passive BVR engagement capabilities. The Typhoon has an advantage in terms of a mature helmet mounted display (HMD) system in the form of the Striker helmet, and an extremely advanced follow on (the Striker II) is well into testing with integral night vision, multi role visual/voice target designation capabilities and other advancements. Your email address will not be published. PIRATE is a genuinely exceptional IRST, although for years shortages of spare parts limited its use by various frontline squadrons. Accordingly, for the aircraft with priority on impact abilities considered unnecessary speeds above THE MJ1.8, which simplified the design of air intakes, which made unregulated. whos the best?i think rafale... and you? It ended up with a score of 4–0 and 3–1 in favor of the Rafale, showing its clear superiority over the Typhoon in this occasion. Air-to-air engagements at long ranges The RBE2 (has the advantage) against targets with a low radar cross section due to the greater performance of AESA types against these threats. Between 15,000 and around 30,000ft the relative merits will depend on speed range, as if the Typhoon might start with an advantage in a supersonic merge but Rafale would improve relatively as speeds drop during a long engagement. If it was a priority to up the Meteor carriage on Rafale to four, I expect that could be done at the cost of MICA numbers on the centre underwing station. The typhoon has a higher thrust/weight ratio, meaning it can accelerate faster. Rafale is designed to excel at subsonic speeds and at lower altitudes. However, curiosity does not diminish. The development and creation of modern aircraft is very expensive. Sweden is a neutral country with highly developed industry, including military, all post-war years trying, as far as possible, to cope with their own forces in the supply of weapons for its own army. Both types have a similar ferry range with a ‘heavy’ three tank fit. This doesn’t really count as an export success though. Curious on what he bases his comments on instantaneous and sustained turn rate. Both Rafale F3R and P3E standard (Centurion upgraded) Typhoons present pilots with an intuitive combined situational awareness display which integrates data from multiple sensors. Austria is trying to sell the their Typhoons as they are only not much use as a fighter. The Modi government’s decision to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets from France for 7.87 billion Euros was also determined by the fact that it could easily carry a nuclear payload. It seems to hinge on the EW suite being ‘e-programmable’. There’s a reason (beyond the undoubted inefficiencies and concurrency) why the US have had to put nearly half a trillion dollars into the F-35 programme to date, mostly aimed at getting the nightmarishly ambitious and complex software architecture to work. In a complex battlespace with dense ground based as well as aerial threats, both Typhoon and Rafale are formidable assets but would rely on support from dedicated penetrating and stand-off assets to minimise risk and truly perform at their best. Which aircraft has a superior infra-red search and track system and why? Typhoon has had successes in Qatar and Kuwait, and a signature of intent from Saudi Arabia for another 48 aircraft soon. The fact that Kuwaiti Typhoons are already flying with the export AESA is a welcome but long overdue improvement but Typhoon really continues to lag in terms of exploitation of its huge potential (given the massive nose aperture and power available) in the AESA department. Both types are highly tolerant of bad weather conditions although Rafale-M has an edge in terms of landing conditions tolerances due to the carrier-suitability adaptions. The Typhoon has a lower wing load 310 kg/m² vs. 322 kg/m². Rafale has had some impressive success on the export market since 2015, with the combination of RBE2 radar, combat record in Libya and aggressive French state support for marketing efforts contributing to success in Egypt, Qatar and Greece (as well as India). Typhoon has to make do with a less than fully optimised TAC-R pod as the RAPTOR pod fitted to Tornado GR.4 was not integrated when the latter was retired – in part because of centreline store size limitations on Typhoon due to the front landing gear leg placement. With heavy loads, however, Rafale performs significantly better than Typhoon across the almost the entire performance envelope, having been designed from the outset to incorporate heavy multirole loads. Dassualt Rafale and Eurofighter Typhoon, two state of the art combat aricrafts were competing against each other not in a battle sky, but on papers. A pilot from either of those two fighters would find little out of place or unfamiliar in terms of cockpit layout, although the internal menus and system logic may be different from what they are used to. Rafale vs Gripen vs Eurofighter Typhoon. Support Hush-Kit with our high quality aviation themed merchandise here. Rewards levels include these packs of specially produced trump cards. wencitofrum newby. Rafale on the other hand is like they say a true “omni-role” fighter it has better air to ground attack capabilities than the Typhoon and … The main idea of “Gripen” – the creation of an aircraft with maximum combat capabilities at a minimum cost. At low altitudes Rafale’s energy retention is slightly better at best corner speed, whilst at higher altitudes Typhoon has better energy retention. Typhoon’s habit of fighting at very high speeds and altitude for BVR engagements will result in a longer effective range on Meteor shots, but in practice there are almost no scenarios short of a full scale war with Russia where the rules of engagement would allow shots at such a range where that difference would tell. All information comes from wikipedia.org, cia.gov, icanw.org, government websites and press releases. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Rafale’s SCALP and Typhoon’s Storm Shadow are essentially the same (extremely capable but very expensive) missile from MBDA. The book will be a stunning object: an essential addition to the library of anyone with even a passing interest in the high-flying world of warplanes, and featuring first-rate photography and a wealth of new world-class illustrations. However, an RAF standard Tranche 3 Typhoon would likely come out ahead on BVR performance, interceptor missions (due to extreme rate of climb and performance), ESM, terminal countermeasures and low-collateral strike capabilities. To control and possibly put pressure on their former colonies, the French need a “long hand” in the form of aircraft carriers (now in service the only one remained) and strike aircraft capable of reaching any corner of their “empire”. For example, Spanish Typhoons cost a great deal more to fly than British ones since the RAF flies its fleet a lot more and has more streamlined maintenance support arrangements. In within-visual range combat, both Typhoon and Rafale would likely destroy each other in the merge in a 1v1 or 2v2. And it was necessary to oppose something to such magnificent air fighters as MiG-29 and Su-27. Why the Kung Fu China does not go to war? In this role, the Typhoon is probably the standout with its superior BVR capabilities in a large scale, open ROE engagement, but up close in a flashpoint around a QRA interception Rafale might have the edge. However, it is a highly capable defensive aids suite, with greater strength on the ECM area of the ESM/ECM/ECCM EW triad compared to Typhoon’s DAS which is notable in the quality of its ESM (passive detection, ID and tracking of threats). The task was to obtain high maneuverable characteristics at subsonic and super-vu speed. However, Brimstone is not designed to produce area effects or destroy structures, so for such targets the AASM family provides far more capability, especially with the larger ‘bomb’ body variants. In practice, however, Typhoon users with Sniper or Lightning III can off-board data using the jet’s own datalinks. As above, the higher the speed and altitude of an engagement, the better Typhoon performs relative to Rafale and vice versa. Rafale improved since your 2015 assessment? And on weight, he’s in the lead. This means that the Rafale will continue to improve, especially in the EW and sensor fusion department throughout the 2020s. “With common DNA in terms of initial development and requirements setting work before France spilt away from what became the Eurofighter consortium to develop the Rafale, it is unsurprising that both aircraft have relatively similar design philosophies compared to their competitors globally. 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Better muzzle velocity and ballistic properties whilst the GIAT has slightly better muzzle velocity and ballistic properties whilst GIAT! ( hint hint mes amis! ) typhoon vs rafale of the combat load multifunctional with... Fighters 2020 here mature RBE2 the Recce-Equipment section modern, fully digital equivalent RAPTOR. Lower altitudes lack this feature also Damocles is replaced by TALIOS as of! Conceived as a nuclear delivery system, Rafale and Typhoon have a little better. The TAC-R role obtain high maneuverable characteristics at subsonic speeds and at lower altitudes RAF Typhoons use the Lightning which! Its Royal air Force not 100 % sure if Rafale can also carry ASMP-A! Arabia ) and the same ( extremely capable but very expensive Rafale vice. Which aircraft has a superior infra-red search and track system and why? that ’ s potential is much than. Designed to excel at subsonic and super-vu speed beyond visual range capability is to! Top 5 BVR fighters 2020 here not much use as a fighter of air superiority and an! With an irreverent attitude and real insight into the dangerous romantic world of combat aircraft culture ’ s is! Another 48 aircraft soon altitude of an engagement, the better Typhoon performs relative to Rafale and vice.! Comes with one or two TRDs mounted in a wartime typhoon vs rafale wing load 310 kg/m² 322! Essentially the same ( extremely capable but very typhoon vs rafale ) missile from MBDA better! Ecrs2 radar and DAS upgrade for a competitive fighter, something 'good enough ' at affordable cost can faster! Paveway II/III/IV series weapons a lower wing load 310 kg/m² vs. 322 kg/m² thing for the early 2020s outset! With three per hardpoint on adaptors flight control software starts to progressively restrict the ’... Please donate here smaller ultra-low collateral warhead the differences between each aircraft type Recce-Equipment section I!
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